International Regimes
Home Page

National Laws
Links to relevant rules
in the US, EU, and
other countries

International Regimes
other related references

Academic Research
Papers, policy briefs and
other case studies

GI in Practice
Practical Applications

About Us

Discussion Group

Contact Us


      Geographical indications are not a new concept and have been part of product identity throughout history. However, the protection of geographical indications under intellectual property rights has its origins in international agreements - e.g., the Paris Convention of 1883, the Madrid Agreement of 1891, the Stressa Convention of 1951, and the Lisbon Agreement of 1958

Additional efforts have occurred under the auspices of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) which has a standing committee considering the protection of geographical indications. WIPO has hosted a number of symposia on the issue and, in 1975, produced a draft international treaty for the protection of geographical indications and a model national law.

More recently, the basic concepts developed under these agreements have been incorporated into the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs). This agreement has become a source of controversy regarding the evolution of geographical indication protection on the international and national level.

this line will space protection link Handbook on Global GI Protection - Jun 2007


  Paris Convention, Madrid Agreement, and Lisbon Agreement

  WIPO Site on Geographical Indications

  WIPO Paper on Economics of IP and GIs


  WTO TRIPS Provisions on Geographical Indications

  WTO Briefing Notes Prior to the 1999 Seattle Ministerial

  WTO Briefing Notes Prior to the 2001 Doha Ministerial

  Doha Declaration Provisions on Geographical Indications

  WTO May 2004 Symposium

  WTO Trade Topic on Geographical Indications


  Briefing Papers for Negotiations

Dispute Settlement Case Against the EU

  DS174 & DS190

AITIC Analysis of WTO Negotiations

  Background Note