National Laws
Home Page

National Laws
Links to relevant rules
in the US, EU, and
other countries

International Regimes
WTO, WIPO and
other related references

Academic Research
Papers, policy briefs and
other case studies

GI in Practice
Practical Applications

About Us

Discussion Group

Contact Us

  EU DOCUMENTS     US DOCUMENTS     OTHER COUNTRIES

 

While the history of protection for geographical indications has its source in international agreements, it is national laws that currently provide the basic enforcement mechanisms for their protection.

These laws generally provide protection for geographical indications using one of two paradigms - either general trademark rules (e.g., via certification or collective marks) or specific legal schemes (e.g., for the use of geographical place names). In addition consumer protection and commercial practice laws also may be relevant.

Examples of these two alternative paradigms are most vividly illustrated by the US and EU protection regimes, more details on which can be found below. In addition, links are provided to other relevant national laws.

    EU DOCUMENTS

  EU Quality Agriculture Goods Site - - includes an index of registered geographical indications protected in the EU

  Evaluation of CAP Policy for PDO and PGI

    US DOCUMENTS

  US Code on Trademarks - - the legal provisions under which geographical indications may be protected

  US Alcoholic Beverage Labeling - - Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms regulations governing wine labels

  US FDA Food Labeling Regulations - - Food and Drug Administration website on food labeling regulation

  USPTO website on geographical indications - - provides an outline of US protections for geographical indications

    OTHER COUNTRIES

  African Intellectual Property Organization

  Brazilian Intellectual Property law

  Chinese Trademark Law and Implemeting Regulations - - see Article 16

  Indian GI protection regime

  Swiss Website for AOC-IGP Program